hemp and cannabis

The cannabis is native to Central Asia. Archaeological evidence shows that it was cultivated at least since Neolithic times in East Asia. It then spread to all other continents.

Cannabis is one of the first plants domesticated by humanity because of its various applications. It was used to make ropes, fishing nets, reels to weave clothes, and paper. It was regularly consumed and used as a natural remedy.

Until the 19th century, everyone used the term cannabis as much for industrial hemp as “marijuana”. In fact, both plants belong to the same family, the genus Cannabis sativa L.

In a nutshell, there is, on the one hand, a tall and thin plant that has become “hemp”, which we use today to make textiles, food, paper, body care products, fuel, and building materials. Hemp can contain less than 0.2% of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive substance found in marijuana. And on the other hand, there is a smaller and bushy plant called “marijuana”, consumed mainly for religious, recreational or medical purposes. Their THC levels range from 1 to 20%, or even more today.